Here’s the sketched out plan:
FOOD – Planting native shrubs and trees that bear fruit, nuts, seeds, or berries. Bird feeders and ground feeders. Plant nectar-producing native wildflowers. Insects are important, too. Avoid using chemical pesticides to rid insects…many wildlife species, especially birds, feed on them. Maybe a beehive.
WATER – Provide a water source for drinking and bathing (not for me, silly). Create natural sources of water where possible. Use clean birdbaths and change the water daily. Install a small pond or stream with some of the great do-it-yourself pond products? Perhaps a Bird Pond Kit with cascade.
COVER – Meet the cover/shelter needs of wildlife. Evergreen trees, native vines (wait—there is a Trumpet Vine sprouting in a corner…) shrubbery, brush piles, rock piles (I have tons of rocks), meadow grasses… Perhaps this year’s gourds will survive to become nesting boxes. The rickety privacy fence in the backyard and proximity to neighboring house provides some shelter from harsh winds.
PLACES TO RAISE YOUNG – Birds need tree cavities or man-made nest boxes—my large front yard tree provides some of those elements. What about toads and tortoises—how can I keep them happy and from roaming onto a busy street? Burrows or dens, and some need tall grasses?
Provide the best food and cover sources for wildlife
Use the least amount of fertilizer, water, and pest control.
Plant native plants suitable for region
Use captured rainwater for plants
Work on more efficient watering methods
Use mulch to conserve soil moisture
Eliminate all chemical fertilizers
Control pests with natural pest control products and predator species